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Types, ethical issues and misconceptions

Have you ever wondered how purebred dog breeders plan and have litters?

Responsible breeders stick to proven dog breeding practices to produce the best companion dogs for future families. Their puppies are treated as part of the family, and many of them spend years researching puppies and their breed’s most recognizable traits to bring out the best qualities in dogs. As a result, dog owners benefit from increased breed standards through quality breeding programs that produce excellent companion animals. But what exactly does this process look like?

Types of breeding

To begin with, there are different types of breeding: inbreeding, lineage and inbreeding. However, only two types are used by what would be considered responsible dog breeders: inbreeding is breeding within a dog’s first parents, i.e. parent and offspring, and brothers and sisters; according to American Dog club, line breeding is when two dogs are closely related but not the first parents are bred together. The AKC says breeders should use line breeding to “solidify your lineage traits.”

Inbreeding is the mating of two dogs that are not of the same lineage. However, the AKC cites that inbreeding “suppresses differences between dogs and thus reduces the ability to select for individual traits.”

When breeding dogs, most breeders practice selective breeding to create healthy, quality dogs while maintaining the genetic diversity of their puppies. Breeders try to eliminate genetic defects like hip dysplasia and other common health issues. Although they can guarantee certain things with health tests, they cannot guarantee that your dog will remain healthy forever, as certain health problems appear as a dog ages, regardless of genetics. Parental health is only part of the equation. Most breeders dig deep into canine genetics and also have information on grandparent dogs, which gives potential buyers a better picture of the puppy’s lineage.

Ethical dog breeding

nursing dog puppies

RELATED: Puppy Welfare Act: Fighting For Better Breeding Conditions

Ethical dog breeding is not a chance affair. It’s quite a commitment and it can get very expensive, which is why quality AKC-registered puppies tend to be so expensive. A month before breeding, the dogs will both have a checkup with a veterinarian to ensure they are healthy enough to carry a litter. The AKC requirements are that a litter cannot be registered if the mother is under eight months old or over 12 years old and the father is under seven months old or over 12 years old. It is important to note that a female dog should not be bred in it. first season – As a general rule, it is best to wait until the female dog is over a year old to make sure she can handle the litter and that the pregnancy will not cause her any harm. If a traditional “tether” doesn’t work, a breeder will use artificial insemination, which is often used to cross dog breeds of different sizes.

A female dog’s pregnancy usually lasts between 58 and 68 days, but the exact duration depends on the size of the female dog and the litter. Dogs like German Shepherds can have between 1 and 15 puppies, with the average being eight. A larger litter will come sooner, while a smaller litter may come closer to the puppy’s due date. Smaller breeds like Bulldogs have, on average, four puppies and usually need a veterinarian’s help with childbirth, as their newborns are often delivered by C-section.

female dogs can have up to three litters a year. However, that’s not always what’s legal or best for the dog mom. Many ethical and responsible breeders only produce one litter per year and stop breeding once their puppies reach the AKC recommended age limit. Of course, the age to stop breeding is breed specific.

The best and most ethical breeders take care of the mother and her offspring from the very beginning until the first months of the puppies life. An ethical breeder will ensure that he is fed quality food, bathed, socialized and receives his first round of vaccinations and proper veterinary care long before returning home to his new family. Socialization is an important part of puppy training, as a dog that is not socialized may not do as well in their new home. Breeders may also require new families to spay or neuter puppies when they are old enough to prevent unwanted litters. Again, most reputable breeders will check to make sure this is done.

However, if the new family expresses an interest in breeding purebred dogs, there may be a fee in addition to the regular adoption price. For example, our breeder charges an extra $500 for breeding rights with their AKC registered puppies. Also, other breeders may not want to risk mutations in their lines and not allow puppies to be bred.

Common misconceptions about reproduction

dog standing with puppies

There are many misconceptions about breeding, ranging from how to predict litter size to how long a dog will live if bred. A few of them include:

There is no difference between backyard breeders and responsible breeders.

Many people think that dog breeders and backyard breeders are one and the same thing. However, the two couldn’t be more different. Backyard breeders often have accidental litters that are mixed breeds. They are not intentionally bred and cannot tell you much about the dog’s history. While responsible breeders know their dog’s history and lineage and can answer any questions you may have about the breed itself. If you are looking for a breeder, you can talk to your local breed clubs or visit a dog show.

The dog’s nipples predict litter size.

There is no correlation between the number of nipples a female dog has and the size of her litter. The number of nipples is directly correlated to the size of the dog, which is usually 8 to 10.

Breeding shortens the dog’s lifespan.

There is no evidence to support the theory that breeding a dog shortens its lifespan. Unless, of course, unethical procedures are used and something happens to the dog during delivery.

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READ MORE: How to Find a Responsible Breeder Before Buying a Puppy

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