skip to Main Content

The Horrible Truth About Dog Breeding | Maneka Gandhi

For years, dog breeders have worked outside the law. They raise foreign dogs in filthy conditions, mate brother to sister, father to daughter, bring hundreds of sickly puppies into the world with questionable temperaments, sell them to people who buy the status rather than the dog and make everyone’s life miserable for years. According to government statistics, 95% of thousands of dog bites in India are from purebred dogs. Many are abandoned when they prove too temperamental or too difficult to care for, and they die in excruciating circumstances – starved, run over or bitten to death by street dogs. Many of them are sold with distemper or parvo virus, but since all trade is black, the buyer cannot return the dog or demand a refund.

Dog breeding is a business that costs millions of rupees. Not a single paisa comes to the government as it was unregulated till now. The Kennel Club exists to promote breeders and they themselves break all the rules. The Indian government five years ago banned people from buying and bringing dogs into the country. Even now, the occasional customs officer will accept a bribe – especially from people from Russia and Uzbekistan – and let the dog through the duty-free bag. The dogs arriving via this route are mostly bully dogs who are taken to Punjab where they are made to fight on private farms in front of rich drunken thugs who bet on them. They win, they live. They lose, they are shot.

On May 23, 2017, the Indian government finally filed a notification regulating the breeding and sale of dogs. Here are the main elements of the 2017 Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules.

A breeder is anyone who owns dogs of specific breeds for the purpose of breeding and selling. Carriers/carriers, people who own pensions and people who sell dogs in a business context after obtaining them from breeders are also covered by this law. The same goes for people who advertise dogs for sale: newspapers, online channels like OLX – they can no longer do so unless the dog breeder is registered with the Indian government.

Photo: AFP

No breeder shall carry out a breeding activity or possess or house dogs intended for breeding and sale unless he has obtained a registration certificate from the Council of State. All breeders must prominently display the certificate of registration in the establishment.

Each breeder must keep his establishment open to inspection by a person authorized by the Council of State.

The State Council will only issue a registration after inspecting the space, facilities, and labor available at the facility. They will also set the maximum capacity for each dog breeding establishment.

A registration certificate is valid for a period of two years. Inspections will be done annually. In the event of a complaint, the Council of State may have the breeder’s establishment inspected at any time to check whether the rules are being complied with. If the Council of State finds that these rules are violated, it will revoke the breeder’s registration.

Dog draining

Puppies under eight weeks old cannot be sold. Dogs older than six months cannot be sold without being neutered, unless they are sold to another licensed breeder. Only healthy, vaccinated dogs can be sold. Each puppy sold must be microchipped and a complete treatment and vaccination record must be kept. A sales receipt must be provided to each purchaser and a copy retained with the microchip number of the puppy sold and the name, address and telephone number of the purchaser. The breeder must give the buyer the details of the feed, the dates of inoculation and deworming of the puppy and the name and address of the veterinarian in charge.
No breeder shall sell a dog to an unlicensed pet store. No puppy should be displayed in public places for the purpose of immediate sale.

Each breeder must maintain records of all animals housed in the facility, including dogs intended for breeding and dogs intended for sale. Details include breed, name and number, microchip number, sex, color and markings, date of birth, father’s and mother’s names and microchip numbers, child’s name breeder from which it was acquired, the date of acquisition, the date and place of mating, the number of puppies given birth, by sex, color and brands, date of sale, death or rehabilitation of each puppy, name and purchaser’s address, cause of death as determined by a veterinarian, and post-mortem report of each dog that died at the facility. Each breeder must have documented sales, rental agreements, spaying or neutering contracts, health and medical records, vaccination record of each dog. A report will be submitted to the Council of State on the total number of animals sold, traded, traded, traded, donated, repoed or exhibited during the year.

Dogs

Appropriate housing in terms of proper construction, size, number of dogs, exercise facilities, temperature, lighting, ventilation and cleanliness will be provided.

Dogs should be provided with wholesome food at appropriate intervals not exceeding eight hours, adequate fresh drinking water, a fenced area for adequate exercise, or provisions for dog exercise. Only normal, healthy, mature female dogs, who have reached their eighteenth month, should be bred after being certified healthy by a veterinarian.

No female dog should be exploited to produce litters in two consecutive breeding seasons. Only one litter should be produced per year and artificial or unnatural techniques, such as artificial insemination and rapeseed cages, should not be used to impregnate dogs. No female dog should be exploited to give birth to more than five litters of puppies in her lifetime. No male dog should be used for breeding until he has reached his eighteenth month and must be certified as healthy by a veterinarian. Breeders can only mate unrelated dogs. female dogs should not be bred after the age of eight.

There will be no tail debarking, ear trimming, debarking, declawing, marking, dyeing, injection of substances to enhance visual appeal. Any change in appearance by artificial means is strictly prohibited. Breeding to create new dog breeds, or unusual looks, is strictly prohibited.

Every breeder must have the services of a consulting veterinary practitioner and records of his visits must be kept. Individual health records should be kept for all animals. Animals suffering from contagious, communicable or infectious disease, or exposed to any disease, shall be quarantined until recovered, or humanely euthanized and properly disposed of. A quarantine issued by the veterinarian must remain in force and be provided by the veterinarian to the Council of State.

Dogs must have been tested for genetic defects including hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, night blindness, hypothyroidism, entropion, ectropion, protruded/lower jaw, crooked mouth , unilateral or complete cryptorchid males.

Dogs should not be euthanized simply because they can no longer breed, or be sold and therefore not commercially viable, and any euthanasia of mortally wounded or injured animals, or incurably ill animals, must be performed by a veterinarian in a veterinarian-approved manner. Council of India.

Details were given of how the animals should be housed, indoor and outdoor facilities, cages, kennel sizes, floors, food and bedding storage, cleaning procedures, disposal waste disposal, electricity and water supply, ventilation, exercise facilities for at least thirty minutes twice a day. Socializing with people for 3-5 hours a day is mandatory.

If you know any breeders let them know about the laws or let me know if anyone is violating them.

To join the animal protection movement, contact gandhim@nic.in, www.peopleforanimalsindia.org

Back To Top