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Reality of Dog Breeding in Bangalore: Why the State and BBMP Need to Act Now

When Helen was found abandoned on the street. Photo: Bismi Anil

Helen was a dog who produced many Labrador puppies – a puppy mill mother – who was eventually abandoned by her breeders on the streets when she could no longer do so. Blind, deaf, malnourished, she was rescued and adopted by animal rights activist Bismi Anil. Helen testified to all that is wrong with the implementation of animal cruelty laws in Karnataka and indeed most of India.

The dogs are repeatedly raised in rape stalls, in the dirtiest and tiniest spaces, often with a sibling or parent and live in small cages with little or no food, medical facilities, water. human interaction or care. Puppies are sold like cattle and many of them carry genetic diseases, they break the hearts of the families who adopt them, when they suffer or die.

Helen, after her adoption. Photo: Bismi Anil

The plight of dog breeding, commercialization and the exploitation of companion animals by breeders is progressing at a deplorable rate. Too bad, because we deplore the absence of laws, but here the laws have been put in place with great care. There are excellent provisions set out in the Pet Shop Rules, 2018 and the Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules, 2017 under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. But these two rules have not been individually adopted in our state assembly and councils of Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), let alone implemented and adhered to.

In November 2018, we wrote to the Additional Commissioner (Administration), the BBMP, asking him to speak about the State Animal Welfare Board (SAWB) and the publication rules for the prevention of cruelty to animals. “We are very worried and concerned that the mandated nodal body like the National Animal Welfare Board (SAWB) has still not been appointed or is not functioning. This is a mandatory requirement as per the 2008 Supreme Court ruling. of the next BBMP board meeting for implementation in Karnataka,” we wrote.

We required the SAWB to be formed as it was essential to oversee and implement much of the animal welfare related work, licensing and membership. We have also called for concerned citizens to be added to the team, and for the 2017 Dog Breeding and Marketing Rules and the 2018 Pet Shop Rules to be ratified and adopted locally. However, there is little action so far, other than a recent slight nudge from the BBMP commissioner who asked the state to form the State Animal Welfare Board.

Stop illegal dog breeding

The status quo encourages animal cruelty. It affects humans too – old abandoned dogs need to be managed, cared for, fed and sometimes euthanized, and someone has to pay for it. While most animal lovers and public-minded citizens promote the “adopt, don’t buy” concept, the fact remains that the dog breeding industry is thriving and unregulated.

It is our responsibility as citizens to ensure that our respective District Councils and Administrations create the necessary implementing framework to ensure that animals are protected in accordance with the Breeding and Marketing of Dogs Rules 2017. It must be a National Animal Welfare Board (SAWB). Then the Animal Husbandry Department and the Animal Husbandry Department of the BBMP must hire a few animal inspectors and animal welfare officers who are authorized to issue licenses and regularly check animal husbandry conditions to ensure ensure it is cruelty-free.

The absence of a State Animal Welfare Board (SAWB) means that the mechanism for verification, let alone enforcement, is simply not there. This means night operators and backyard breeders have a field day exploiting female dogs by breeding them over and over again and selling sick or unhealthy puppies which end up putting enormous pressure on the frame. emotional and financial people.

Prevent animal cruelty

Similarly, the Pet Shop Rules 2018 is a rigorous and comprehensive framework that ensures pet stores are registered and sets out the process and specifications for pet stores and their licensing. This ensures that anti-cruelty guidelines are followed for animals sold.

In accordance with this rule, all state, city and district governments must put in place the necessary frameworks for the speedy implementation of the rules, as well as the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), the State Animal Welfare Board ( SAWB) and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty. to animals (SPCA).

In addition to ensuring animal welfare, municipalities can also earn Income if these laws are enforced. Each breeder license costs more than Rs 5,000 per year along with an establishment license of Rs 5,000 and there is an additional charge of Rs 500 per dog. In addition, pet stores must pay a fee each year. When businesses and municipal authorities derive potential revenue from this activity, it is unclear why they allow cruel and unregulated pet sales.

As citizens focused on our constitutional duty of compassion to animals, we demand that these rules and national animal welfare councils be put in place immediately, and that animal welfare officers be hired to ensure that these rules are properly implemented without fail. It is important that the laws are followed not only in spirit but in letter.

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and the Animal Welfare Council of India (AWBI) should create a mechanism to ensure the enforcement of laws in every state and city government. It’s more effective than people having to fight slow, inefficient and pointless battles to get the laws in their own city, like we did here in Bangalore, that’s why petitions like this need to be supported .

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